International Journal of Law, Policy and Social Review
2020, Vol. 2, Issue 1
International judicial protection of human rights
Ahmed Abdelaziem Mahmoud
Universal jurisdiction, an essential tool of international justice, is the ability of any State's court to try persons for crimes committed outside its territory which are not linked to the State by the nationality of the suspect or the victims or which harm the national interests of the State itself. The 1969 Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties allowed States to resort to the International Court of Justice in respect of disputes arising in connection with legal and judicial matters relating to violations of human rights. The research discusses the role and activity of international justice in the protection of human rights, taking into account the role of the International Court of Justice as the most important universal judicial body, as well as the international human rights law opinion on such violations and how to address them.