International Journal of Law, Policy and Social Review
2020, Vol. 2, Issue 2
Jallianwal Bagh massacre: Legislative and political dimensions
Mridula Sharda, Hari Priya
Paper is focused on the political dimension of the Jallianwala Bagh massacre. Tragedy of the Jallianwala Bagh was the result of the various legislative measures and their heinous implementation in the last decade of nineteenth century and first two decades of twentieth century. Along with the British Empire’s strategy to deploy the Indians soldiers for the First World War. Massacre reflects the British government’s attitude towards the colonial people. During this period British society worldwide propagated liberal democratic values. In the colonized world they were least bothered about the implementation of the rule of law and natural rights the two pillars of the democracy. These concepts were advocated by the political thinkers like Locke, Rousseau in their own countries against the unlimited monarchy in UK and France. Jallianwala Bagh was an incident which was totally opposite to the democracy. This tragedy changed the nature of the Indian national movement. Jallianwala Bagh incident forced the national leadership to think about the undemocratic attitude of the British Empire. Afterwards movement became mass-movement. Leaders from all parts of the country began to develop awareness among the masses. Repercussions of the unfortunate event was all the sections of the society from different platforms opposed the British Raj’s anti-Indian policy. Study is mainly based on the secondary sources. ‘The Tribune’ of 1919 & 20 was the main source of analyzing the massacre. On the basis anatomy of the Jallianwala Bagh it is concluded that British Administration had mal- intention to repress the Indian masses to overpower their feeling of insecurity due to consolidation of the national movement against the foreign rule.