The Constitutional Law is a philosophical legal document. It is replete with ideologies having binding force. Constitutional provisions are living instruments to safeguard the interests of people in general and special provisions for tribal people in particular. Special Constitutional provisions are not arbitrary discrimination but are protective discrimination that is indispensable for tribal development in India. The special provisions are aimed to prevent discrimination against the tribal people to protect their rights. It improves the standard of living of tribal people socially and economically to see them in the mainstream of the society. The National Commission for Tribal and Ministry of Tribal Affairs are the leading organizations to provide and implement various schemes and policies for safeguard the life of the tribal people with a view to protecting them from social injustice and all forms of exploitation. This paper is made as an attempt to explore the constitutional provisions for tribal safeguards and their development in India.